Guide to Watch Movements
Introduction to Watch Movements
Timepieces are powered by “movements.” This term refers to the moving machinery that allows a watch to tell time. Usually found in the case, they vary in complexity. In some pieces, you can even see the wheels turning via the dial. These movements are unique and distinct. The first movement was invented along with the timepiece, but talented inventors and watchmakers have further refined this marvelous mixture of art and technology. Some are better suited for some lifestyles than others, so it is essential to learn what’s right for you.
Also known as hand-wound, manual movement is the oldest power source for watches. Manual movement is often used by vintage-inspired, high-end timepieces. It must be wound daily to ensure precise timekeeping. Power loss can result in a decline in hand speed. Luckily, it’s easy to do. The side of the watch has a wheel you can turn. Inside, this transfers power to the mainspring which, in turn, transfers to the escapement. The escapement is carefully crafted to measure out energy at specific increments, as per the balance wheel’s direction. This turns wheels at a very precise speed which moves the hands. If this sounds complex, that’s because it is.
One of the breakthrough advancements in watchmaking, automatic movement doesn’t need to be wound by hand. Instead, it relies upon gravity and the wearer’s movement to charge. If an automatic watch isn’t worn for a long time, it may require hand winding. Automatic movement is inspiring, convenient, and complex, so only the most luxurious timepieces can use it. It works via a rotor on the bottom of the case. As the wearer’s wrist move so does the rotor, which transfers power to the mainspring. The rest of the process mirrors manual movement.
Released by Seiko in 1964, quartz movement was the biggest innovation in watchmaking since the strap. By far the most common movement, this power source uses batteries. It is more affordable, precise, and reliable than automatic or manual. It works very differently than its mechanical counterparts; it is difficult to explain, however, due to the distinct technology used in timepieces. Electricity runs from the battery to a quartz crystal, which vibrates 32,768 times per second. This in turn vibrates a stepping motor that rotates in accordance with the crystal, which turns a “dial train.” Finally, the hands are turned, allowing for peerlessly precise time-telling.
Find Watches at Nash Jewellers
Nash Jewellers is among Ontario’s favorite sources for high-end timepieces. From everyday sport watches to luxurious dress watches, you’ll find the perfect accessory at our London jewellery store. To best see our vast trove, make an appointment with our experts. We only hire the most skilled and talented experts at our showroom to ensure that every visitor has an unforgettable tour through beauty and extravagance. Call (519) 663-1110 to learn more.